is the eastern part of former Bengal which, be it most of the time only in
name, was a part of the Moghul Empire. After the Battle of Plassey in 1756
the British became the de facto rulers in Bengal. Until the formation of a colony out of the British possessions in
India in 1858, the country was administrated by the English East India
Company, patented in 1698.
of arms of the English East India Company showed the English Cross of St
George on a white shield, supported by
the Indian Empire was restored with Queen Victoria as the first (British)
empress. In the colony, as well as in the Empire the royal arms were used. After
the foundation of the Order of the Star of India in 1861, the badge of the
Viceroy was the jewel of this order, on the viceroyal flag displayed in the
middle of the Union Jack.
Bengal was divided in an eastern and a western part but the division was
revoked by the Governement Act of 1935. In 1947 the province was divided
again and the eastern part was incorporated in Pakistan with the name of East
Bengal. The western part with the name of Paschimi Bengal became a part of
the Republic of India. In 1955 East Bengal was renamed East Pakistan and became the independent country of
Bangladesh after the bloody Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.
East Pakistan (Mashraqi
crescent and a five-pointed star, the crescent charged with the word “Pakistan”
in arabic (پاکستان); and four flags in saltire.
Motto: GOVERNMENT OF EAST PAKISTAN
may be of the Merchant flag of Pakistan, adopted on 23 August 1956,
consisting of a blue cloth, the mast top corner quarter white with a green
crescent-and-star. The flag was replaced by the Ministry of Commerce on 22
October 1958 by a red flag with the flag of Pakistan in its mast top corner.
Provisional Government of
emblem was adopted by the provisional government of Bangladesh on 26 March
1971. It showed the map of the country surrounded by a legend in devanagiri:
Arms: Gules, the map of Bangladesh Or.
Motto: Gana Prajatali Bangladesh Darbar
in green bengali script on a white bordure charged with four red mullets.
star represent the four provinces of the peoples republic: Chittagong, Dhaka,
Khulma and Rajshah.
Gana Prajapantri Banladesh
later a new emblem was adopted. It consists of a water lily (Nymphæa
hybrida - Nymphæacæa) the national flower of Bangladesh, issuant from
waves of a river (Ganges). The flower is surrounded by a garland of ears
of rice, four stars and three leaves
of a jute plant Rice and jute (Corchorus capsularis - Tiliaceæ). are
the main cash-crops of the country. The four stars are now symbolizing, as a
kind of motto, the four principles of the state: Nationalism, Democarcy,
Socialism and Secularism.
Arms: A water lily on a base barry
wavy of nine, all Or.
Garland: Ears of rice and in chief three
leaves of jute between four mullets all Or.
Adopted 25th of February 1972
military-backed caretaker regime suspended planned parliamentary elections in
January 2007 in an effort to reform the political system and root out
corruption; the regime has pledged new democratic elections by the end of
regime the ancient emblem of the Peoples Republic was reintroduced.
ð See illustration at the head of this essay
© Hubert de Vries 2008-11-21. Updated