The Captaincy of Paraíba
of Rio Paraiba was a part of Portuguese Brazil and was created in 1574 after
the dissolution of the captaincy of Itamaracá.
In 1753 the
captaincy of Paraíba became a part of the Captaincy-general of Pernambuco but
it regained its independence in 1799.
It became a
province of the Empire of Brazil in 1822 and a state of the Federal Republic
A coat of arms
of the Dutch captaincy of Parayba was adopted after a request of the
provincial administrations to Governor Johan Maurits van Nassau (1637-1644).
It shows ‘some pyramidal sugar-loafs
because it was the foster mother of the best and praiseworthiest sugar or
because, after it had come in our possession, there had been progress of the sugarindustry and of her yield’.
version of the Dutch arms of Parayba.
per octennium in Brasilia by Johannes Blaeu, 1647.
The arms are:
Azure, six sugar-loafs 3, 2 and 1 Argent.
After the Dutch
were expelled from Paraiba João Fernandes Vieira became the first Portuguese
governor (1655-’57). His arms are below a portrait of him in a book about the
Dutch-Portuguese war. 
The arms are:
Arms: Per fess, the chief Argent, a bend
Azure, three fleurs-de-lys Or, between two mermaids proper; the base Azure,
five eight-pointed stars per saltire Or.
Crest: A mermaid of the arms.
Supporters: A trophy of eight banners.
the time of the Empire the arms used by the provinces were the Imperial Arms.
At the proclamation of the Republic the states were granted the right to adopt their own achievements.
achievement of the State of Paraíba was adopted by decree
of President Castro Pinto (1912-‘15). It is:
Arms: A landscape showing a farm and a herd
of cattle and its cowherd, and a rising sun over a mountain range in the distance, within a bordure Azure
charged with fifteen five-pointed stars Or.
Crest: A five-pointed star gironny Or and Vert
of ten pieces, charged with a disc Argent, a phrygian cap Gules.
Garland: A stalk of sugar-cane and a branch of
cotton tied with a ribbon Gules.
Motto: 5 de AGOSTO de 1585 in golden lettering on the ribbon of the
ð See illustration in the head of this
symbolizes the cattle breeding an agriculture of the state. The date is the
date of the foundation of Filipeia, present João Pessoa, the oldest city and
capital of Paraíba.
The Constitution of the Federation of 1934 abolished the symbols of the
states and their achievements were replaced by the national emblem.
The Federal Constitution of 1946 restored the autonomy and also the
achievements of the states.
Paraiba is a
part of the together with Rio Grande do Norte, Pernambuco
headquarters are in Recife (PE).
© Hubert de Vries 2011-11-15
 Barlaeus, Caspar: Nederlandsch Brazilië onder het bewind van
Johan Maurits van Nassau, 1637-1644. p.122.
“Parayba toonde eenige pyramiedvormige suikerbrooden omdat het de voedster was
van de beste en loffelijkste suiker of omdat er, nadat het in ons bezit was
gekomen, vooruitgang was geweest in de suikerindustrie en van haar opbrengst”
 Jesus, Raphael de:
Castrioto Lusitano ou Historia da Guerra entre of Brazil e a Holanda. Pariz,
1844. P. ii