the Province of Alberta was formed out of the former Districts of Athabaska
(in part) and Alberta. It was, therefore, named in Honour of the Princess Louise
Caroline Alberta, daughter of Queen Victoria and wife of the Marquis of
Lorne, who had been Governor-General of Canada from 1878-’83. Two years after
the creation of this Province by the Dominion government the folowing arms
were assigned by Royal Warrant on 30th May, 1907:
Azure, in front of a range of snow mountains
Proper a range of hills Vert, in base a wheat field surmounted by a prairie
both also proper, on a chief Argent a St. George’s Cross.
Manitoba, the Hudson’s Bay Company had for a long period execised vice-regal
powers in, at least, a part of that area out of which the new Province was
of the Hudson Bay Company, incorporated by King Charles II in 1670 were:
Ar. a cross gu. between four beavers pass.
Ppr. Crest – On a chapeau gu, turned up erm. a squirrel sejant ppr..
Supporters – Two bucks ppr. Motto – pro pelle cutem.
appropiately enough, one finds the principal charge of the arms borne by that
Company placed in chief: the Cross of St. George. 
In 1980, on Alberta’s 75th anniversary, a crest and supporters were added to the shield to
form the present coat of arms. The crest consists of a beaver, a symbol of
the fur trade that led to the exploration and settlement of Canada, with the
royal crown on its back. The supporters, a lion (or golden lion) on the left
and a pronghorn antelope (Antilocapra americana - Antilocapridae) on the right, stand for Britain and Alberta
respectively. Below them is a grassy mount dotted with wild roses. The motto
at the base reads FORTIS ET LIBER, Latin for “strong and free.”
Achievement of Alberta
of Arms of Alberta, 1907
EDWARD R. & I.
Edward the Seventh by the Grace
of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British
Dominions beyond the seas, King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India;
To Our Right Trusty and
Right Entirely beloved Cousin and Councillor Henry Duke of Norfolk Earl
Marshal and Our Hereditary Marshal of England, Knight of Our Most Noble Order
of the Garter, Knight Grand Cross of Our Royal Victorian Order, Greeting: -
Whereas by virtue of and
under the Authority of an Act of Parliament passed in the Thirty-fifth year of
the Reign of Her late Majesty Queen Victoria entitled “The British North
America Act, 1871,”it was (amongst other things) enacted that the Parliament
of Canada might from time to time establish new Provinces in any territories
for the time being part of the Dominion of Canada but not included in any
And Whereas by an Act of
the Parliament of Canada passed in the Fifth year of His Majesty’s Reign
entitled “The Alberta Act” certain territory then forming part of the
Dominion of Canada was established
as a Province of the said Dominion as from the first day of September One
thousand nine hundred and five to be called and known as the “Province of
Alberta”. And forasmuch as it is Our Royal will and pleasure that for the
greater honour and distinction of the said Province of Alberta certain
Armorial Bearings should be assigned thereto,-
Know Ye therefore that We of Our Princely Grace and Special Favour
have granted and assigned and by these Presents grant and assign for The
Province of Alberta the Armorial Ensigns following, that is to say: “Azure in
front of a Range of Snow Mountains proper a Range of Hills Vert, in base a
Wheat-field surmounted by a Prairie both also proper, on a chief Argent a St.
George’s Cross” as the same are in the painting hereunto annexed more plainly
depicted to be borne for the said Province on Seals, Shields, Banners, Flags
or otherwise according to the Law of Arms.
Our will and pleasure therefore is that you, Henry, Duke of Norfolk,
to whom the cognizance of matters of this nature doth properly belong do
require and command that this Our Concession and Declaration be recorded in
Our College of Arms in order that Our Officers of Arms and all other Public
Functionaries whom it may concern take full notice and have knowledge thereof
in their several and respective departments.
And for so doing this shall be your Warrant.
Given at Our Court of St. James’s the Thirtieth day of May, 1907, in
the Seventh year of Our Reign.
By His Majesty’s Command
I hereby certify that the foregoing Copy of the Royal Warrant
assigning Armorial Ensigns for the Province of Alberta is faithfully
extracted from the Records of the College of Arms, London. As witness my hand
at the said College this eighteenth day of June, 1907.
Augmentation of the Arms of Alberta: 1980
ELIZABETH THE SECOND by the Grace of
God of the United Kingdom Canada and of Our other Realms and Territories
Queen Head of the Commonwealth Defender of the Faith To Our Right Trusty and
Right entirely Beloved Cousin Miles Francis Duke of Norfolk Companion of Our
Most Honourable Order of the Bath, Commander of Our Most Excellent Order of
the British Empire, upon whom has been conferred the Decoration of the
Military Cross, Earl Marshal and Hereditary Marshal Greeting!
WHEREAS Our Right Trusty
Councillor His Excellency the Right Honourable Edward Schreyer Chancellor of
Our Order of Military Merit upon whom has been conferred the Canadian Forces
Decoration Our Governor General and Commander-in-Chief of Canada has
represented unto Us that Our Royal Predecessor King Edward VII did by
Warranrt dated the Thirteeth day of May 1907 under His Royal Sign Manual
assign for His and Our Province of Alberta certain Armorial Bearings videlict
a Shield of Arms the record of which has been preserved in Our College of
AND WHEREAS His Honour the
Honourable Frank Lynch-Staunton, Our Lieutenant-Governor of the Said Province
upon the advice of the Premier & Excecutive Council of that Province has
represented unto Our Governor General and Commander-in-Chief the desire that
in commemoration of the Seventy-fifth anniversary of the foundation of the
Province of Alberta there be added to the Arms of Alberta by way of
Augmentation a Crest, Supporters, Motto and Compartment
AND WHEREAS His Excellency upon the
advice of the Secretary of State of Canada has recommended this request for
KNOW YOU THEREFORE that We having
taken the same into Our Royal Consideration are graciously Pleased to accede
thereunto and of Our Princely Grace and Special Favour for the greater honour
and distinction of Our said Province of ALBERTA have granted
and assigned and by these Presents do grant and assign in augmentation of the
Arms of ALBERTA the following Crest: Upon a Helm with a Wreath Argent and Gules a
Beaver couchant upholding on its back Our Royal Crown both proper and for
Supporters On the dexter side a Lion Or armed and langued Gules and on the
sinister side a Pronghorn Antelope (Antilocapra americana) proper; the
Compartment comprising a grassy mount with the Floral Emblem of the said
Province of Alberta the Wild Rose (Rosa acicularis) growing therefrom proper
with the Motto FORTIS ET LIBER as the same are in the painting hereunto annexed more plainly
depicted to be borne and used together with the said Arms of Our said
Province or ALBERTA upon Seals Shields Banners Flags or otherwise according
to the Laws of Arms.
Our will and Pleasure therefore is that you the said Miles Francis,
Duke of Norfolk in accordance with the custom and usage obtaining in these
respects do cause this Our Concession and Declaration to be entered and
recorded at Our College of Arms and in such manner as may be convenient to
ensure that in particular such certified facsimile copies of this Our Warrant
as may be required by His Excellency The Governor General and
Commander-in-Chief of Canada and by His Honour The Lieutenant Governor of
Alberta for their respective archives are provided and in general to the end
that all public functionaries and others in Canada whom it may concern may
take full notice and have knowledge thereof in their several Departments
Offices and Appointments
And for so doing this shall be your Warrant.
GIVEN at Our Court this
Thirtieth day of July 1980 in the Twenty-ninth year of Our Reign
BY HER MAJESTY´S COMMAND
Secretary of State for
Let this be Recorded
Recorded in Her Majesty´s College of Arms
Norroy and Ulster
King of Arms & Registrar
Legislative Assembly of Alberta
Assembly of Alberta was founded in 1909 as a successor of the North-West
represents the tower of the Alberta Legislature Building located in Edmonton, Alberta
and built between 1907 and 1913. It is
charged with the top of the mace of Alberta.
Alberta Provincal Police 1917-1932
Alberta Provincial Police Cap Badge
Shoulder Title and Buttons 1925-‘32
© Hubert de Vries 2015-12-02
Peerage, 1884. Borne since 1678 by the Governor and Company of Adventurers of
England Trading into Hudson’s Bay, commonly called the Hudson’s Bay Company.
The arms were not granted, however, by letters Patent of the Kings of Arms
until 1921 (!), vide Rich, E.E.: The History of the Hudson’s Bay
Company, Vol. I, 1670-1763, The Hudson’s Bay Record Society, 1959, p. 50;
and Tranquair, R. ‘The Coat of Arms’, The Beaver, June, 1945, p. 42 ff.
(Swan n. 42).
 Swan, Conrad M.J.F.: The Canadian Arms of Dominion and Sovereignty. In: Recueil du Ve Congrès International des Sciences Généalogique et
Héraldique 1960. Stockholm, 1961, pp. 250-273. Ill. by R.G.M.
Macpherson. The same: Canada
Symbols of Sovereignty, Toronto 1977, pp. 209-213.