incorporated into the Georgian Kingdom in the 9th century AD. The Ottomans
conquered the area in 1614. The Ottomans were forced to cede Adjara to the
expanding Russian Empire in 1878.
temporary occupation by Turkish and British troops in 1918–1920, Adjara became
part of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1920. After a brief military
conflict in March 1921, Ankara's government ceded the territory to Georgia
due to Art. VI of Treaty of Kars. The Soviet Union established the Adjara Autonomous Soviet
Socialist Republic immediately afterwards in accord with this clause.
Thus, Adjara remained a part of Georgia, but with considerable local
dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Adjara became a part of the
independent Republic of Georgia. It avoided being dragged into the chaos and
civil war that afflicted the rest of the country between 1991–1993 due
largely to the authoritarian rule of its leader Aslan
Abashidze who founded the separatist Adjara Autonomous Republic of Georgia.
of the Adjara Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was the same as the arms
of the Georgian S.S.R. the initials of the republic in russian and adzarian
in georgian script added.
and national emblem, as well as a national anthem, were adopted for the
separatist republic on 26 June 2000.
national emblem was:
Emblem: Azure, an eagle wings expanded and and arch
of seven seven-pointed stars in chief Or.
Legend: aWaris avtonomiuri respublika saqarTvelo (Ac'aris Avt'onomiuri Resp'ublikh'a
Adjara Autonomous Republic of Georgia), and a garland of branches of olive in
base Or. 
blue color symbolizes the Black Sea
is a symbol for freedom, power, diligence and care.
olive branches at the bottom of the emblem are a symbol of peace.
stars symbolize the two cities (Batumi and Kobuleti) and the five districts
(Batumi, Kobuleti, Keda, Shuakhevi, Khulo) of Adzaria, which appear in the
Constitution of Adzaria (§5. Cities, Districts and Towns in the Ajaria
In the spring
of 2004, the central government sought to reimpose its authority in the
region. As a result the Adjaran leader was forced to resign in May 2004.
A new coat of
arms was adopted not long afterwards. It is:
Arms: Per fess wavy Vert and Azure, in chief a city-wall embattled of four
towers and a gate, and in base three
besants Or. And an escutcheon in nombril point of Georgia (modern).
Æ See illustration in the head of this
Adjara Government emblem
© Hubert de Vries 2014-04-07
Weber (student in Batumi), 02.03.2002