Province of North Kalimantan was formed on 25 October 2012 from the norther
part of East Kalimantan. It borders the Malaysian states of Sabah to
the north and Sarawak to
the west, and by the Indonesian province of East Kalimantan to the south.
territory of former Belungan Sultanate is on the territory of the province.
Sultanate (also spelled Boeloengan, Bulungan) was founded by a Kayan group,
the Uma Apan, who originated from the interior region of Apo Kayan (Kayan
Highland Plateau), before settling near the coast in the 17th century. Around
1650, a princess of the group married a man from Brunei. This marriage
founded a Hindu lineage who settled in the region of today's Tanjung Selor.
Around 1750, this dynasty converted to Islam. Its rulers took the title of Sultan
and were recognised as vassals of the sultan of Berau, the latter
acknowledging himself a vassal of the kingdom of Kutai.
Dutch, intervening in the region to combat piracy and the trafficking in slaves,
conquered Berau in 1834, imposed their sovereignty upon Kutai in 1848 and signed
a Politiek Contract with the Sultan
of Bulungan in 1850. Until 1860, Bulungan was a subject of the Tausug of the Sultanate of Sulu . During this period, vessels
began travelling to Sulu, Tarakan, and thence into the interior of Bulungan,
to trade directly with Tidung. This influence ended in 1878 with the signing
of a treaty between the English and Spanish partitioning Sulu.
the North Borneo Chartered Company was created, thereby placing northern
Borneo under British jurisdiction, despite initial Dutch objections.  The Sultanate was finally
incorporated into the colonial empire of the Dutch East Indies in the 1880s.
The Dutch installed a government post in 1893 in Tanjung Selor. In the 20th
century, like many other princely states of the archipelago, the Sultan was
forced to sign a Korte verklaring
(short statement) in which he sold most of its powers over land upstream.
eventually recognised the border between the two jurisdictions in 1915. The
Sultanate was granted Zelfbestuur (autonomy)
in 1928, like many other princely states of the Netherlands Indies.
the territory received the status of Bulungan
Wilayah swapraja, (autonomous territory), before receiving the status of Wilayah
istimewa, (special territory), in 1955. The last Sultan, Jalaluddin, died
in 1958. The Sultanate was abolished in 1959 and the territory became a
simple kabupaten, (department).
Sultan Maulana Muhammad Kasim Djalaluddin, (1930-58)
The Sultan wears the uniform of the Dutch colonial government.
On his cap is the Dutch achievement within a garland
Flag of Belungan Sultanate
Royal Standard of H.H. The Sultan of Belungan 1931-58.
The initials S.M.M.D.X. mean: Sultan Maulana
Muhammad Djalaluddin X, the X meaning the tenth sultan of Bulungan,.
Present Sultans Achievement
2 Kalimantan Utara
Arms: Azure, a base wavy of the darker shade of
Azure, four barrulets wavy Argent, rising therefrom a split gate in the
Indonesian national colours, enclosing a dayak shield and a parang and tombak in saltire Or and Sable, surrounded by a garland of ears
of rice and cotton-flowers proper; in chief a listel Argent inscribed KALIMANTAN UTARA Sable and a five-pointed star
above Or. In base a listel Or inscribed BENUANTA Sable
corners of the shield symbolize the state philosophy Pancasila
The shield itself and the barrulets symbolise
the sky, the sea and the rivers Kayan,
Sesayap, Sembakung and Sebuku, connecting the settlements of the interior
with the coast
gate and the weaponry symbolize the peoples of the northern border of the
Republic of Indonesia.
garland of 22 grains of rice, four windings of the ribbon and 13 cotton-flowers
symbolize the crops bringing progress and prosperity to the people of North
five-pointed star symbolizes God Almighty
The colors mean:
White: purity, sincerity, honesty
Blue: beauty, prosperity, peace, dignity
Green: fertility, prosperity, faith, pertembuhan
Black: firmness, protection, personality
Red: courage, strength
Yellow: glory, majesty, success
Ζ See illustration in the head of
© Hubert de Vries 2016-06-26