initially sought out Qatar and the Persian Gulf as an intermediary vantage
point en route to their colonial interests in India. During the
nineteenth century the Al Khalifa clan reigned over the Northern Qatari
peninsula from the nearby island of Bahrain to the west.
had the legal status of a dependency, resentment festered against the
Bahraini Al Khalifas along the eastern seaboard of the Qatari peninsula. In
1867, the Al Khalifas launched a successful effort to quash the Qatari rebels
sending a massive naval force to Wakrah. However, the Bahraini aggression was
in violation on the 1820 Anglo-Bahraini Treaty. The diplomatic response of
the British to this violation set into motion the political forces that would
eventuate in the founding of the state of Qatar by Shaikh Muhammad bin Thani
in 1868. It did gain official standing as a British protectorate in 1916.
officially announced in 1968 that it would disengage politically, though not
economically, from the Gulf in three years' time, Qatar joined Bahrain and
seven other Trucial States in a federation. Regional disputes however,
quickly compelled Qatar to resign and declare independence from the coalition
that would evolve into the seven-emirate United Arab Emirates.
RULERS OF QATAR
The emirs of
Qatar are members of the Al-Thani dynasty and the House of Al-Thani descend
from Banu Tamim and are typical Arabic polygamous house.
The first state
emblem of Qatar dates from 1966. It consists of two scimitars, a pearl oyster
shell and the name of the country, surrounded by two palm branches.
A new state
emblem was adopted after Qatar had become an independent state in 1971. It
consists of the then adopted seal of the state in full color, placed on a
target of the colors of the flag and the name of the state in Arabic: دولة قطر†
(transliterated as Dawlat Qatar).
The seal shows a dhow or arab sailing
vessel and a peninsula with two palmtrees, surrounded by two scimitars
The flag of the
emirate was adopted in 1949 and is parted indented of white and
chocolate-brown, the white ⅓ of the length of the flag.
* For the
history of the flag see: Roberto
In June 2003, the
office of† Tarek Atrissi Design, based
in The Netherlands, was selected to work on an unusual project: Designing the
logo and the visual identity of Qatar. The new logo, identity and website was
launched on 3 December 2003 in a gala ceremony held at the Diplomatic Club in
the capital Doha, with the presence of government officials and design
journalists from around the world.
For more see:†† www.atrissi.com/qatar/5.htm
Briggs, Geoffrey: National Heraldry of the
Hans-Ulrich, & Georg Hannes: Lexicon
Flaggen und Wappen. Leipzig, 1990.
© Hubert de Vries.