Samoa i Sisifo
possibly from Tonga, first settled in the Samoan islands about 1000 B.C.. The archipelago was discovered in
1722 by Jacob Roggeveen. In 1830 the first missionaries arrived and on their
initiative the Kingdom of Samoa was founded .
The first flag of the kingdom was red with a white crescent and star. In 1873 the flag was changed into red with a white cross, the star in the left hand upper corner. This flag is also in the royal arms:
Arms: Parted per pale, the dexter Argent, the
national flag of Samoa, being Gules, a cross and in dexter chief a
five-pointed star Argent, flying to the sinister from a mast proper; the
sinister Azure, on a ground a palm-tree proper.
Crown: A crown of nine points, surmounted by a
five-pointed faceted star, Argent, the circlet and the points set with
fa amoemoe lelei, in
silver lettering on a red ribbon placed between the shield and the crown. 
interests of the U.S., Britain, and Germany resulted in the treaty of 22
December 1899 that recognized the paramount interests of the U.S. in those
islands west of 171° W (American Samoa) and Germany's interests in the other
islands (Western Samoa).
In 1913 a coat of arms was designed by the German Ministry of Internal Affairs for the German, western part. It was:
Arms of Samoa, 1914 
Arms: Gules, three palmtrees Argent on a base
barry wavy of four Azure and Argent, and a chief Argent, an eagle sable,
billed and clawed Gules, on his breast quarterly Argent and Sable.
Crown: The Imperial Crown of Germany.
* The coat of arms, together with
the coats of arms of the other lost colonies of Germany, was published about
1933 in a German Magazine called Afrika Nachrichten. In this magazine it was
discovered by C. Pama and mentioned in his “Lions and Virgins” about South
African Heraldry. He writes:
….just before the First World War, in 1912
and 1913, the then state-secretary of the Imperial Colonial Office
(Reichskolonialamt), Dr. Solf, had made a journey during which he visited all
the German colonies and some of the British possessions as well. He was
struck by the fact that these British colonies did have their own colonial
badges, and that by placing them on the Union Jack local colonial flags could
be designed which were nevertheless all of one British pattern. This
impressed him greatly and on his return to Germany he sent a memorandum to the
Emperor Wilhelm II in which he stressed the desirability of adopting such
symbols as well in German colonies, and went so far as to suggest that
designs should be made immediately.
The Emperor agreed with Solf and the German
Bureau of Heraldry, the Heroltsamt, was asked to submit suitable designs at
their earliest convenience.
Before being shown to the Emperor, the
designs had to be approved by Johann Albrecht, Duke of Mecklenburg, under
whose supervision they were made.
When they finally reached the Emperor, he
was satisdfied with most of them; on other drawings he suggested small
alterations, in his own handwriting, and tye final drawings could then be
made. In fact they were made, but in the meantime the war broke out, and they
were never sent off to the colonies for which they were destined. 
The original drawings, together with an
explanation were published recently on Internet by Mr. Jörg M.
Karaschewski (in German).
A New Zealand expeditionary force, the Samoan Advance Force, arrived off Apia on 29 August 1914 and demanded that Germany surrender the town and
territory. The demand was refused but
no resistance was offered.
badge of the Samoa Expeditionary Forces consisted of the three palm-trees
surrounded by a crowned garland of the silver tree fern (ponga) with a listel with the legend: EXPEDIT[ionary]
FORCES, and thus the use of the German three-palm-trees emblem was continued. 
expeditionary force was replaced in March 1915 by the Samoan Relief Force who
stayed in Samoa until the end of the war and after. The
occupation during World War One took place without any fighting.
war the League of Nations conferred upon His
Britannic Majesty for and on behalf of the Dominion of New Zealand, the
authority to administer German Samoa.
trust territory a badge was introduced on 25 January 1925 with the
three palm-trees from the German coat of arms, standing on a sandy, sparsely
grown over ground.
after WW II it became a UN trust territory administered by New Zealand. A
resistance movement to both German and New Zealand rule, known as the Mau
(“strongly held view”) movement, helped to edge the islands toward
independence on Jan. 1, 1962. A constitutional monarchy, Samoa has a
legislative assembly whose members are from the matai, or titled
achievement for the Trust territory was published in the New Zealand Gazette
Nr. 30 of 12 April 1951. It is:
Arms: Azure, the Southern Cross of five large and one
smaller stars Argent, and a chief Argent on a sea of waves engrailed Azure
and Argent, a palm-tree proper.
Crest: A rising sun.
Compartment: The circles of the emblem of the U.N.
surrounded by the garland of the same emblem, vert.
Motto: fa’avae i le atua
samoa. (God is the
Foundation of Samoa) .
Samoa was granted independence on 1 January 1962 and was named Samoa i
Sisifo. It is ruled by an Assembly of Chiefs. The head of state is Malietoa
Tanumafili II (1962-2007).
of arms and the motto have remained unchanged, the crest was exchanged for a
latin cross radiant.
Æ See illustration in the head of
no formal defense structure or regular armed forces; informal defense ties
exist with NZ, which is required to consider any Samoan request for
assistance under the 1962 Treaty of Friendship.
The cap badge of the Samoan police shows the
achievement in silver, the garland and listel enameled green. The emblem
consists of the cypher SP, surrounded by the United Nations garland and the
national motto and crested with the latin cross of the national achievement
within another garland.
© Hubert de Vries, 2009.02.07. Updated 2014-07-29
 Heyer von Rosenfeld, Friedrich: Die Staatswappen
der Bekanntesten Länder der Erde. Frankfurt a/Main, 1895, Taf. XIV.
C.: Lions and Virgins. Published Cape
Town, 1965; pp. 111 - 112.
 Karaschewski, Jörg M.: Wappen und Flaggen in den deutschen Kolonien. Wolfenbüttel, 2011.
leaves of the silver tree fern or ponga (Cyathea dealbata - Cyateacæa)
are a symbol of the New Zealand armed forces.
They are also in the actual achievement of New Zealand.
 Hesmer, K.-H. Flaggen und Wappen, 1992, p. 135.