Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford
Raffles. It was a part of the crown colony of the Straits Settlements from
1867 until 1946. It was occupied by Japan from 1942-‘45 and renamed Syonan-to. From 1946 until 1957 Singapore was a crown
colony itself. This was granted self government in 1957 and became an
autonomous state in 1959. In 1963 Singapore joined the Federation of Malaysia but
left it on 8 August 1965. The
next day Singapore became an independent republic.
Straits Settlements comprised the four trade centres of Penang, Singapore,
Malacca and Labuan. The British settlement at Penang was founded by Capt.
Francis Light in 1786 and Singapore by Stamford Raffles in 1819. After
Malacca was transferred to the East India Company in 1824, the three
territories were established as a crown colony in 1867. Later, Labuan was
constituted as the fourth settlement in 1907
Straits colony was broken up in 1946 when Penang and Malacca were included
into the Malayan Union, Singapore became a separate crown colony and Labuan
was incorporated into North Borneo.
The arms of the Straits Settlements after 1867
Arms: Gules, a pall
reversed Argent, three Imperial Crowns Or.
The Crowns symbolized the three parts of the
Straits Settlements in 1867: Singapore, Penang and Malacca.
The arms were adapted to make a badge:
Badge: On a lozenge
Gules, a pall reversed Argen, three Imperial Crowns one and two Or.
badge was used for government purposes but was not officially authorised. The correct flag for the governor when aboard
vessels as prescribed by the Admiralty was a Union Flag with a gold crown at
the centre and for the ensign of government vessels, a blue ensign with a
gold crown in the lower fly. This instruction seemingly went unheeded and the
red lozenge badge became the badge of the colony eventually. It was placed in
the centre of the Union flag of the Governor of the Straits Settlements and
was on the blue naval ensign and the service badge of the Straits Settlements
Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. It was also on the service badge of the
Straits Settlements Police. 
When Labuan had joined the colony in 1907 a new
coat of arms was granted on 25 March 1911. It is composed of the arms of
Singapore, Penang, Malacca and Labuan.
The blasoning of the arms reads:
Arms: Quarterly, the
first quarter Gules, issuant from the base a tower proper, on the battlements
thereof a lion passant guardant Or;
the second quarter Argent, on a mount an areca-nut palm tree proper;
the third quarter also Argent a sprig of the oil tree pruing proper; the
fourth quarter Azure on waves of the sea in front of a representation of the
sun rising behind a mountain a sailing yacht in full sail to the sinister,
Crest: A demi lion
rampant guardant supporting in the paws a staff proper, thereon flying to the
sinister a banner Azure, charged with three imperial crowns Or. 
The arms show the blasons of Singapore: (Gules, a
tower Argent on its battlements a lion passant guardant Or), Penang (an Areca
palm - Pinang or Betel nut palm), Malacca (a sprig of leaves and fruits of
the keruing tree (Dipterocarpus sublamellatus-Dipterocarpaceae),
and Labuan (a depiction of a schooner headed towards Mount Kinabalu - or
Borneo - at sunrise).
were used for example on the Regimental Colours of the Straits Settlements
Volunteer Force. 
At about the beginning of World War II, the arms were
embellished by adding a helmet lambrequined Gules and Or, and the date 1867:
Embellished achievement of
the Straits Settlements as on paper money, 1940-’41.
The lambrequines are Gules and Or.
Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford
Raffles. It was a part of the crown colony of the Straits Settlements from
1867 until 1946. From 1946 until 1957 Singapore was a crown colony itself.
This was granted self government in 1957 and became an autonomous state in
1959. In 1963 Singapore joined the Federation of Malaysia but left it on 8
August 1965. The next day
Singapore became an independent republic.
heraldic emblems used in Singapore were, of course, the achievement of the East India Company and the arms of the first
governor of Singapore Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles.
of Raffles initially were:
Raffles: D’or, semé de mouchetures d’hermine de sable, à l’aigle éployé de gueules, ch. sur sa poitrine d’une couronne à l’antique d’or, au chef de sinople, ch. de deux médaillons l’un sur l’autre, attachés à une chaîne d’or, chargés le premier de caractères arabes, le second d’un poignard flamboyant d’argent garni d’or, posé en fasce. Casque couronné. 
Arms: Erminois, an eagle Gules, charged
on the breast with an antique crown Or; and a chief Vert, two medallions per
pale, pending from a collar Or, the first with a legend in arab lettering,
the second with an undulating dagger Argent, the hilt Or, per fess.....
of a griffon’s head purpure and the motto AUSPICIUM
MELIORIS AEVI (An
Omen of a Better Age) are not mentioned in this blasoning. Also, the eagle is
single-headed instead of two-headed.
head symbolises stability and success. The double-headed eagle on the shield,
which in European heraldry signifies universal dominion, comes from Raffles'
history as an agent of the British Empire, looking both East and West.
medallions on the crest represent the award of the Order of the Golden Sword
to Sir Stamford Raffles by a Sumatran prince. One bears a message inscribed
in Arabic and the other bears a kris.
On his tomb
however, the arms are impaled with a chevron erminois between thee lions’
It is known
from several sources that the Singapore Municipal Commission used a device of
a lion statant with a coconut palm tree all on a green turf. This is borrowed
from a badge of the East India Company as on mohur-coins from the time
of King William IV and Queen Victoria. For this reason the use of the badge
probably dates from the time of the East India Company
(liquidated 1874). 
In the Singapore context the crest could be a reference to the story
of the naming of Singapore. On the records in the 13th century Malay Annals, a prince from
Palembang was shipwrecked and washed ashore to an island. There he saw a
creature which he believed was a lion. So he named the island “Singa Pura”
which means “Lion City”, from which the name Singapore was derived.
status of this badge in Singapore is however unclear. It was often referred
to as the Crest of the Municipal Commission but there does not seem to
be any arms (shield and charges) for the Commission.
passant and coconut palm crest was used in the cap badge of the Singapore
Fire Brigade and Auxiliary Fire Service, placed on the traditional emergency
services starburst, and was used for quite sometime after independence as
well. There were also instances where the Singapore Fire Brigade used a
lion statant guardant (both paws grounded and head turned to face viewer)
with the palm tree rather than the lion passant, notably for the badge on the
fire helmet. However no colony-level insignia featured such a depiction for
the lion. The colonial prison service used as part of their badge the crest
(the coconut palm) but replacing the lion passant with the lion passant
guardant (a paw raised and head turned to face viewer).
coat of arms for the City of Singapore was granted by letters patent of 9th
April 1948. The reference to the municipality of Singapore as the “City of
Singapore” was apparently an error made on the side of the College of Arms as
Singapore only received City status in 1951. The official heraldic blazon for
the arms was as follows:
a tower issuant from the base proper; on the battlements thereof a lion
passant guardant or; on a chief embattled of the last a pair of wings
conjoined in base between two anchors azure, and for the crest on a wreath
argent and azure on front of a palm tree fructed proper, issuant from a mount
vert, a lion passant or.
Photo Jerome Lim
Arms of Singapur
Relief in Mount Emily Park, Singapore.
Arms: Gules, a tower Argent, on its battlements a lion passant guardant Or,
and a chief embattled Or a pair ofd wings between two anchors Azure their
Crest: On a helmet to the dexter lambrequined Argent and Azure, a lion
passant Or before a palm-tree proper.
Motto: MAJULAH SINGAPURA (Onwards Singapur).
arms is the crest of the Singapore Municipal Commission, a lion statant
before a palm tree. On the new city arms’ crest however, the lion is depicted
as a lion passant and not statant. 
The second arms of Singapore were adopte only five months later. They
show the blason of the quarter for Singapore in the arms of the Straits
Settlements of 1911.
By Royal warrant of 13 September 1948 the arms of
1911 were confirmed and augmented with a crest. This last shows a lion
rampant issuant Or, langued and armed Gules keeping a banner upright Argent,
a pall reversed Gules, an Imperial crown Or.
An embellished version shows the arms with a
helmet to the dexter, lambrequined Gules and Or, with the crest on top.
At the same time a badge was adopted for the crown
colony. This consisted of the blason of the banner in the crest: Argent, a
pall reversed Gules, an Imperial Crown Or.
The autonomous State of Singapore adopted a coat
of arms on 11 November 1959. It is:
Arms: Gules, a crescent
in base and five five-pointed stars in a circle in chief Argent.
Supporters: Dexter a lion and
sinister a tiger, both proper.
Motto: MAJULAH SINGAPURA (Onwards
Singapore) in golden lettering on an escrolle Azure, lined Argent.
The achievement is explained as follows:
Red symbolizes the all comprising brotherhood and
equality of the people, the white purity and loyalty. The crescent is for
Islam and the growth of the young nation.
The ideology of the state is symbolized by the
stars: Democracy, Advace, Peace, Justice and Equality.
The lion symbolizes Singapore because its name
means City of the Lions. The tiger refers to its connections with Malaysia of
which the arms are supported by tigers. A tiger was the first emblem of the
United Malay Sultanates. 
of the achievement was continued by the Republic of Singapore after 1963.
ð See illustration in the head of this essay.
The Presidential Standard
Presidential Standard is the successor of the flag of the Governors of Singapore
of which there have been six after 1948. It is supposed that it has been the
Union Jack with the badge of Singapore within a garland in the middle but no
contemporary picture of this flag is available.
Presidential Standard is simply an enlargement of the canton of the State
Flag. It is displayed where the President is in attendance notably when he is
in residence at the Istana, at National Day Parades, and at Singapore Armed
Forces Day Parades.
The emblem of
the Parliament of Singapore shows the achievement and the mace of a
winged lion sejant.
emblem of the Ministry of Defence of Singapore consists, within a garland, of
the achievement of Singapore, without its motto and placed on two swords in
saltire and a red scroll with the motto YANG
PERTAMA DAN UTAMA
(First and Foremost).
Tentera Singapura Emblem
emblem of the Armed Forces and the Army of Singapore consists of the
achievement of Singapore without its motto, within a blue bordure with the
title TENTERA SINGAPURA in yellow lettering, all surrounded by a
yellow garland and with the motto YANG PERTAMA DAN
UTAMA (First and
Foremost) in yellow lettering on a blue escroll below.
The idea for a
volunteer corps to supplement the local constabulary for tighter internal
security was first raised in 1846. The first corps, the Singapore Volunteer
Rifles Corps (SVRC), was formed on 8 July 1854 with the support of the
Governor, Colonel William John Butterworth, In 1857, the Indian Government
passed the Volunteer Ordinance, which placed the SVRC under government
of the Singapore Volunteer Rifle Corps 1854-1887 (reconstruction)
The SVRC was
disbanded in December 1887 but in February 1888, the corps was revived as the
Singapore Volunteer Artillery (SVA).
of the Singapore Volunteer Artillery 1888-1901
By 1901, the
SVA's diverse composition of sub-units necessitated the change of name to the
Singapore Volunteer Corps (SVC).
of the Singapore Volunteer Corps 1901-1954
The emblem was:
Emblem: Gules, a lion passant Or before a
palmtree proper. Surrounded by a bordure also Gules bearing the name SINGAPORE VOLUNTEER CORPS, a garland of oak in base and fimbriated Or.
Crown: The Imperial British Crown
Motto: IN ORIENTE PRIMUS in black lettering on a scroll Or.
In 1922, the
SVC was absorbed into the Straits Settlements Volunteer Force, forming the
1st and 2nd battalions of the SSVF. The end of the Japanese Occupation saw
the SVC being revived in 1949.
In 1954, with
the disbandment of the SSVF, the Singapore Volunteer Corps was absorbed into
the Singapore Military Forces. 
The Singapore Armed Force
Singapore Infantry Regiment (1 SIR), was formed on 12 March 1957. When
recruitment for the battalion began on 4 Mar, the emblem used was a lion
standing on a tower. The origins of the actual SAF Crest date back to 11
March 1961 and fittingly, are intertwined with the story of Singapore first
and oldest battalion. What started as a battalion emblem was later adopted as
the identity for the whole SAF
First 1SIR emblem inaugurated 4
Second emblem of 1 SIR instituted 11 March 1961
Crest of today bears a strong resemblance to 1 SIR's emblem. Initially this
showed the tower and the lion of the Singapore arms. A later version, known
from 1961, shows:
Emblem: Gules, the achievement of
Singapore without its motto, surrounded by the title TENTERA
SINGAPURA in golden
lettering on a bordure of the first.
Garland: Palm leaves Vert tied with a
ribbon Gules lined Or.
PERTAMA DAN UTAMA in
black lettering on a scroll Or. 
on 1 July 1989, the SAF Flag had the SAF Crest emblazoned on the bottom right
hand corner of the State Flag. It symbolised for the first time, the Army,
Navy and Air Force together.
ð See illustration in the head of
Singapore Naval Volunteer Force - Angkatan Laut Republik Singapura (SNVF) was established on 22 January 1966 and
was preceded by the Singapore division of the Malayan Royal Navy Volunteer
Reserve. On 5 May 1967, the SNVF ensign was hoisted for the first time. A few
months later in September, the SNVF was renamed the People's Defence Force
(Sea) under the Sea Defence Command (SDC).
Air Force Emblem
of Singapore Air Force - Angkatan Udara Republik Singapura (RSAF), is the air arm of the Singapore Armed Forces and was established on 1 April 1975. Its
predecessor, the Singapore Air Defence
Command (SADC) was established in September 1968. Prior to then, Singapore had depended
completely on Britain's Royal Air Force (RAF) for its air defence.
The police emblems throughout history were
generally similar as it is today. The scrolls were depicted in different forms and arrangement in
their course of history. Within the wreath where the State shield sits today,
the emblem of the prevailing period of time was used.
of the Straits Settlements (Straits Settlements Police)
Singapore Police Force has its roots as the Straits Settlements Police. On
its emblem was the lozenge badge of the British Straits Settlements within a
wreath. The scroll bore the inscription “Straits Settlements Police”. A
newspaper article dated February 1939 seems to suggest that there was a
service flag for the police force of the Straits Settlements.
September 1963, Singapore attained independence from the United Kingdom as a
component state within the federation of Malaysia. The police forces of
Malaya, Singapore, Sabah, and Sarawak were thus integrated to become the new Polis
Di-Raja Malaysia (Royal Malaysia Police). As such, the Royal
Malaysian Police badge (1963 - 1965) was used in Singapore and on the Police
© Hubert de Vries 2010-08-18. Updated
 ) Fox Davies, A.C.: The Book of Public Arms. London
1915. Pp. 756-758.
 ) Fox Davies, A.C. op.cit..
 ) After Rietstap’s Armorial General.
 ) It may not be just a coincidence that the
badge is composed of the palm-tree of Penang and the lion of Singapore.
 ) hfmywebs
 ) Hesmer, K.-H. Wappen Flaggen Daten. Gütersloh, 1975 p. 190.
 ) hfmywebs part 2: Military and Paramilitary
flags of Singapore.