District of Columbia / Washington D.C.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and
commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or
simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States. The signing of
the Residence Act on July 16, 1790, approved the creation of a capital
district located along the Potomac River on the country's East Coast. The U.S.
Constitution provided for a federal district under the exclusive jurisdiction
of the Congress and the District is therefore not a
part of any state.
arms of the
District of Columbia are:
Arms: The allegory of Liberty, sitting, dressed in a white gown and with a red scarf around her hips, in he right hand a pole crested with a cap of liberty and in her left hand a tablet inscribed CONSTITUTION. On her dexter side the American Eagle, sitting, and on her sinister side a medallion with the portrait of George Washington; sitting in a landscape with a train of cars on a bridge over a stream and the Capitol, with the Potomac River in the background. On the foreground is the date 1871.
Motto: JUSTITIA OMNIBUS (Justice to All)
Æ See illustration in the head of this essay
Device of the District of Columbia
on $ 5 bills, 1882
This device derives from the coat of arms of the District, the
achievement of the United States omitted, the train of cars replaced by
Washington Monument and the Constitution in a sealed roll.
The design of seal for the District of Columbia was approved August 3, 1871, and is thus described:
“The device to the
left of the figure, lookimg at its face, appears to be a sunrise, and a train of cars on a bridge over a stream leading from a
larger body of water in the forground. Back of the eagle’s wing is a barrel
on its side, a sheaf of wheat, another barrel on end, and two bags of grain.
To the right, from the same point of view, is the
Capitol, with the Potomac River in the background, and the heights on the
right bank of the river on the horizon. The legend on the scroll is “JUSTITIA
The date within the wreath is 1871, and the letters on the side of the book
in the arms of the female figure are those of the word
“Constitution,” arranged in three lines of four letters each. The left hand
of the male figure rests on a fasces representing the union of the States,
and his right hand on a sword.” 
the District of Columbia 1876 
On this device there is a female allegory holding a tablet
inscribed ‘Constitution’ and crowning an allegory of The Union. At her feet
is the achievement of the United States and on the background is the River
Potomac spanned by a bridge with a train, and the U.S. Capitol at its bank.
Below is the motto JUSTITIA OMNIBUS and
the date 1871. The device reproduces the arrangement of the figures on the
seal of 1871.
When it was first adopted
in 1871, the original seal featured Justice placing a wreath not on a statue of George Washington, but on the Statue of Freedom, which currently sits atop
the Capitol Building. By 1888, the seal had been modified to feature a statue
of George Washington. 
Statue of Liberty or The Union
By Thomas Crawford (1814–’57)
Statue of George Washington
By Jean Antoine Houdon, 1792
Seal of the District of Columbia, 1888
The figures featuring in the devices of the District of
Columbia are called ‘Justice’ and ‘Liberty’ but there may be some doubt about
their nature. In fact the statue of ‘Justice’ carries a phrygian cap and the
Constitution with are the symbols of freedom and the civil rights
guaranteeing that freedom. This figure for that reason should be called Liberty
instead of Justice who, usually blindfolded, carries a sword and a balance.
Also, the statue of ‘Liberty’ has a sword, helmet and shield, commonly the
attributes of Athena, also supreme commander, and consequently denoting a Nation.
In this case, because she supports the arms of the United States, she symbolizes
the United States or The Union.
The statue of ‘Liberty’ is said to have been replaced in about 1888 by the statue of George Washington represented as a Roman magistrate symbolized by the fasces as worn within the pomerium, the territory of the Roman Civil Right. Thus the situation occured where the allegory of the Union was replaced by the statue of the Consul (ruler) supporting the Res Publica and the Constitution (the case) and being the Supreme Commander (the sword), leaving the role of Justice, crowning him, to the former allegory of Liberty.
1938 a flag was adopted.  It is representing the
blazon of the Washington family being Argent, two fesses Gules and three
mullets in chief Gules. Crest: A raven proper. Motto: exitus acta probat (The Outcome Justifies the
Deed). The arms were granted in 1592 to Lawrence Washington
of Sulgrave Manor (Northamptonshire, England).
Ex Libris of George Washington with his arms, crest
From: Burke’s Peerage:
Washington (cos. Lancaster, Leicester,
Northampton, Buckingham and Kent) Ar. two bars gu. in chief three mullets of
the second. Crest - out of a ducal coronet or, a raven wings endorsed
ppr. Another crest - out of a ducal
coronet or, an eagle wings endorsed sa.; and continuing: Washington United
States of America; descended from John Washington and his brother Lawrence
Washington natives of the North of England who emigrated to North America
during the usurpation of Oliver Cromwell about 1657, and settled at Bridge
Creek, on the Potomac River. The elder, John Washinton, was employed against
the Indians in Maryland, and as a reward for his services was made a colonel,
and the parish where he lived was called “Washington” after him [his grandson
was] George Washington, the leader of the North American Rebellion, temp.
George III, and first President of the United States, (b. in Virginia, 11
Feb. 1732. d.s.p. 14 Dec. 1793) same arms and crest.
is uncertain when the motto was added.
Large Washington coat 8237
headed as being for “Lawrence Washington,” is a set of instructions
for the construction of the Washington family coat of arms. The coat at top
is quartered with another that says, rather enigmatically, “St. Mervery or
Ivather” which is either another family or a patron saint. The supremacy
of the Washington arms in the first and fourth quarter means that the coat
was in the male line, and the raven above further indicated the standing of
the Washington family. The lower coat related solely to the Washingtons.
Though undated, this document is written on paper whose watermark dates from
the middle of the 17th century, being a shield and fleur de lis - the mark of
the English papermaker Thomas Gunther. The instructions were “gallicé,
latiné & anglicé,” or written in French, Latin, and English, and show
the positions, colors and arrangements of the various elements of the
quartered coat to whoever would create it. It also gives a “Carmine
Heroico,” or heroic verse, below the third illustration. 
Formed by an act of the U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Lincoln on 6 August 1861 the Metropolitan Police replaced the previous two forces: the Washington City police, which was formed by the city council, and the Auxiliary Guard, which was formed by the U.S. Congress, as well as the constables assigned by the U.S. state of Maryland to patrol Washington County.
On the arms of the service are U.S.Capitol and its title and name of its place of operation.
District of Columbia Army National
That for regiments and separate battalions of the District of Columbia Army National Guard: From a wreath of colors, the dome of the United States Capitol Proper in front of a rising sun Or.
The dome of the United States Capitol typifies the District of Columbia and the rising sun is from the District of Columbia seal.
The crest was
approved for the National Guard of the District of Columbia on 14 June 1928.
Distinctive Unit Insignia
A gold color metal and enamel device 3.33 cm in width overall consisting of the dome of the United States Capitol in white in front of a gold rising sun and supported by a torse of six twists alternately of white and red; on a blue scroll arched above the dome, the words "CAPITAL GUARDIANS" in gold.
The dome of the United States Capitol typifies the District of Columbia. The rising sun is adapted from the District of Columbia Seal and signifies the ascendency of the National Capitol and the country it represents. Since the District of Columbia lies within the territory of the original thirteen English colonies, the twist of the wreath are accordingly in white and red.
The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment and noncolor bearing units of the District of Columbia Army National Guard on 10 October 1972. It was amended to change the description to reflect the base metal of the badge as gold color in lieu of silver on 1 February 1973. The insignia was redesignated effective 30 December 1983, for Headquarters, District Area Command, District of Columbia Army National Guard. It was redesignated effective 1 October 2003, for the District of Columbia Army National Guard Element, Joint Force Headquarters and amended to update the description.
Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
On a red three-sided background 5.72
cm in height and 5.40 cm in width with the base straight and the sides arched,
the crest of the National Guard of the District of Columbia Proper.
The dome of the United States Capitol typifies the
District of Columbia and the rising sun is from the District of Columbia
seal. The District lies within the territory of the original thirteen
states whose predominant population was of English origin; accordingly, the
twists of the wreath are white and red.
The shoulder sleeve insignia was originally approved for
the District of Columbia National Guard on 7 June 1948. It was redesignated
for Headquarters, District Area Command, District of Columbia Army National
Guard on 30 December 1983. The insignia was
redesignated effective 1 October 2003, for the District of Columbia Army
National Guard Element, Joint Force Headquarters and amended to update the
description and add a symbolism. (TIOH Dwg. No. A-1-477)
© Hubert de Vries 2016-10-12
 Mitchell, Henry The State Arms of the Union, Boston: L. Prang & Co. 1876
 Zieber, Eugene: Heraldry in America. Published
by the Department of Heraldry of the Bailey, Banks and Biddle Company.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1895. P. 125-126
 From: Arms of the States and Territories of the
American Union . N[ew] Y[ork]: A.J. Connell Litho.,
143 Chambers St., c1876.
 Wikipedia. See commentary
 Smith, Whitney: The Flag Book of the United States. 1976. Pp.122-123