in 1607 by the Plymouth Company,
the coastal area between the Merrimack and Kennebec rivers, as well as an irregular parcel of land
between the headwaters of the two rivers, became the Province of Maine in a 1622 land patent. In 1629, the patent
was split, creating the Province of New
Hampshire. By 1658, the Massachusetts
Bay Colony had assimilated the Province of Maine into
With the creation of the Province of Massachusetts Bay in 1692, the entirety of what is now Maine
became part of that province. Under Massachusetts’ administration, it was
first administered as York County, which was subdivided by the creation in
1760 of Cumberland and Lincoln counties.
The District of Maine, created 1778, was the northernmost of three
districts in Massachusetts, bounded on the west by the Piscataqua River and on the east by the Saint Croix River.
By 1820, the time of its statehood, the territory had been further subdivided
with the creation of Hancock, Kennebec Oxford, Penobscot, Somerset, and Washington
counties. During the War of 1812 the British conquered a large portion of Maine including
everything from the Penobscot River east to the New Brunswick border. The weak response of Massachusetts
to this occupation contributed to increased calls in the Maine district for
Maine became the 23rd state on 15 March 1820, as part of
early governors of the Province of Maine
affixed their personal seals to important documents.
Governors of the Province of Maine were:
William Gorges 1636-1639 1st Governor
Sir Ferdinando Gorges 1639-1649
Thomas Gorges, Deputy
Richard Vines, Deputy Governor
Edward Godfrey, 1649-1651
George Cleeve, Deputy
President of the Province of Lygonia 1643-1658
Thomas Danforth 1679-1686 
entry in Burke’s Peerage (p. 413)
about the arms of Gorges reads:
Langford, &c Sir Theobald Russell, son and heir of Sir Theobald Russell, by
Eleanor, his wife, sister and heiress of Ralph de Gorges assumed his maternal
surname of Gorges, and also adopted the armorial bearings of the family,
which occasones a disputed, 2. Edward III., between him and Warburton of
Cheshire, and the latter gentleman, establishing his rght to the arms inthe
court of Henry Earl of Lancaster, Earl Marshal, Gorges had assigned to him - Lozengy or and az. a chev. gu; which
his posterity bore for some time, until they assumed again their hereditary
coat). Ar. a gorges (or whirlpool) az.
Maine was governed by Massachusetts from 1678, the seals used on its legal
documents were those of the mother state.
of the earliest Acts of the first Legislature of the State of Maine was to
establish the arms and seal for the new state June 9, 1820, as follows:
Shield argent charged with a Pine
Tree: a Moose Deer at the foot of it recumbent. Supporters: on dexter side an
husbandman resting on a scythe; on the sinsiter side a seaman resting on an
the forground, representing sea and land, and under the shield the name ofthe
State in large Roman capitals, to wit: MAINE. The whole surmounted by a Crest, the
North Star. The motto in small Roman capitals in a label interposed between
the shield and crest, viz., DIRIGO. 
Ć See illustration in the head of this
Seal adopted 09.06.1820
The Moose Deer (Servus
alces) is a native of the forests of Maine
The Mast Pine (Americana
quinis ex uno jolliculo setis) is the largest and most useful of American
Pines and the best timber for masts. It was the staple of the Commerce of
The Crest. The North Star may be considered
particularly applicable to the most Northern member of the Confederacy, or as
indicating the local situation of the most Northen State in the Union.
The Motto. Dirigo
meaning ‘I direct’ or ‘I guide’. , is
the State motto of Maine. The resolves, adopting the seal upon which this
motto appears say “as the Polar star has been considered the mariner’s guide
an director in conducting the ship over the opathless ocean to the desired
haven, and as the centre of magnetic attraction; as it has been figuratively
used to denote the point, to which all affectons turn, and as it is here
intended to represent the State, it may be considered the citezens’guide, and
the object to which the patriot’s best exertions should be directed. 
The Supporters. The Husbandman with a scythe
represents Agriculture generally, and more particularly that of a grazing
country. The Seaman resting on an anchor represents Commerce and Fisheries.
Both indicate that the State is supported by these primary vocations of its
State Area Command
That for regiments and separate battalions of the Maine Army National Guard: From a wreath of colors, a pine tree Proper.
Maine is known as the Pine Tree State. A mast pine tree is the prominent feature of the coat of arms of the state.
The crest was approved for color bearing organizations of
the State of Maine on 30 August 1922.
Distinctive Unit Insignia
A silver metal and enamel device 2.86 cm in height overall consisting of a silver shield bearing a brown moose on a green mount, in front of a green pine tree with a brown trunk, the shield within a pattern of silver embellishment and attached below the shield a black scroll inscribed "DIRIGO" in silver letters.
The pine tree, moose and motto are prominent features of the seal of the State of Maine.
The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for
State Staff Corps and Department, Maine National Guard on 1 February
1929. It was redesignated for Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment
and noncolor bearing units of the Maine Army National Guard on 18 June
1970. It was redesignated effective 1 October 1982, for Headquarters,
State Area Command, Maine Army National Guard.
Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
On a blue shield 6.35 cm in width by 7.62 cm in height with a 3.2 mm) yellow border a green pine tree with yellow trunk silhouetted against a yellow sun with pointed rays and issuing from a green mound.
The shoulder sleeve insignia was originally approved for Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, Maine National Guard on 19 August 1949. It was redesignated for Headquarters, State Area Command, Maine Army National Guard on 30 December 1983. (TIOH Dwg. No. A-1-483)
© Hubert de Vries 2015-04-09
 Resolves of the Legislature of the State of Maine, Passed at its Session Which Commenced on the twenty-first day of May and Ended on the twenty-eighth day of June, ine thousand eight hundred twenty. Published Agreeably to the Resolution of June 28, 1820 (Printed by Francis Douglas, State Printer, Portland. Maine, 1820) p. 21
 State Arms of the Union, Boston 1879
 Ibid. p. 22