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Uttar Pradesh Police

Princely States

Awadh / Oudh




Benares / Varanasi






Today’s State of Uttar Pradesh (Northern Province) was for sure the cradle of  Hindu civilisation. The region matches about with the Middle-Land or the Madya-desha from the Mahabharata and Ramayana epics. In the twelfth century AD the valley of the Ganges was conquered by the Mughals. With the desintegration of their Empire some governors or nawabs succeeded to gain considerable autonomy, be it that they formally recognized the suzerainty of the Mughal.

In the second half  of the 18th century the autonomous princes clashed with the English East India Company, expanding from Calcutta into the valley of the Ganges. One after the other had to recognize the sovereignty of the Company. In 1816 Awadh (Oudh) had to accept a British protectorate. In 1835 all of the territory of modern Uttar Pradesh came, as “North-Western Provinces”, under Britsh rule. In 1856 the last nawab of Awadh was deposed and his empire placed under direct British rule. In 1902 the North-Western Provinces were renamed “United Provinces of Agra and Oudh”. In 1935 the name was changed into “United Provinces” and after independence into Uttar Pradesh. With the last change the enclave-states of Benares, Rampur and Tehre were incorporated and in the south parts of Samthar and Charkari, princely states formerly belonging to the Central Provinces.


The national emblem probably dates from the time of the United Provinces. It represents the confluence of the Ganges and the Jumna, symbolized by a pall wavy, between two fishes (a buddhist symbol signifying freedom from restraint and the life-giving properties of water, originally symbolizing the two rivers). Between the arms of the pall there is a bow-and-arrow, the arms of the heroes of the Mahabharata.

The emblem is similar to the ancient emblem of the last Nawabs of Awadh. The fishes occur also in other former princley states today in Uttar Pradesh.



State of .....


Arms: A pall wavy, in chief a bow-and-arrow per pale and in base two fishes (matsya) in orle, heads in chief, all Or.


ð See illustration in the head of this essay



Foto H.d.V. 1984


Emblem of Uttar Pradesh above the entrance of the House of Parliament in Lucknow.



Uttar Pradesh Police



Brands of the World Graphics


The emblem of the Uttar Pradesh Police shows the twin fishes (Matsya) from the National emblem surrounded by a garland and crested with athe emblem of India. Below is a listel with the title of the service.


The arms of the Uttar Pradesh Police are charged with the national emblem in white on a shield parted per fess Gules and Azure.



Princely States





CHARKHARI AT FIRST WAS AN ENCLAVE OF THE UNITED PROVINCES OF AGRA and Oudh. The Princely State was later incorporated in the Central Provinces. After independence it was incorporated in Uttar Pradesh. At the occasion of the Durbar at Delhi in 1877 a coat of arms was designed for the Maharaja of Charkhari. This arms alluded to an incident  in the Mutiny of 1857, when Mr. Carne took refuge with the chief, and the Rājā declined to deliver him over to Tāntia Topi when besieged by that rebel, sending his son (boy’s head) as a hostage instead. A ram is the emblem of Mars or Mangal. The upper motto refers to the same incident meaning that the chief has served the British with “body, mind and possessions.” The lower motto alludes to the capture of a Mughal official’s chair of state and means “The victorious in war is the master of the throne.”





Maharaja of


Arms: Murray, a pale Or gutty de sang and on a chief Azure a child’s head affronté wearing a civic crown Or.

Crest: On a helmet to the dexter, lambrequined Murrey and Or, a ram statant Argent.

Supporters: A bear and a spotted deer (Axis axis - Cervidæ).

Motto: In chief: TAN MAN DHAN SE (With Body, Mind and Wealth); in base: SINHASANESO RANAVIJAYI (The Lord of the Lion’s Throne is the Victorious in War).

                        (T. 20) [1]



The arms of state of Charkari differs from this royal arms. It is documented in 1907. In the achievement are four hindu-gods. The god Ganesh is adopted as the deity who furthers all enterprises, Vindhyavāsini Devi is the kul-devata or familiy goddess and Hanumān the warrior-god. Ravi or the sun-god  refers to the Bundelās as being Sūrya Vanshi Rājputs.

State of ....


Arms: Argent, a Ganesh enthroned proper.

Crest: Vandhyavasinini Devi proper.

Supporters: Dexter Hanuman and sinister Ravi.

Motto: (as a legend around the achievement) GANPATI RAVI DEVI SAHIT SHOBHIT JANH HANUMAN, SHRI MALKHAN NARESH KO ARI DAL DALAN NISHAN. (Ganesh, Ravi and Devi with Hanuman adorn the flag of Malkhan Singh, a flag which destroys the enemies’ forces.) And on a ribbon: SINHASANESO RANAVIJAYI (The Lord of the Lion’s Throne is the Victorious in War). [2]





RAMPUR WAS FOUNDED AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 18TH CENTURY BY ALI Mohammed Khan. In 1737 he was granted the title of Nawab by Moghul Mohammed Shah (1719-’48) and this title has been borne by all his successors. 

After the Mutiny of 1857 Rampur came under indirect rule of the United Provinces. In 1936 the principality was incorporated in Gwalior Residency and it became a part of Uttar Pradesh after independence

The arms at the Durbar of 1877 shows two swords upright on a green field. They may be the symbol of a muslim commander. Green itself was the color of the Burda, the cloak of the prophet Mohammed, he himself being the commander of the faithful. The islamic character of the arms are further stressed by the motto ALLAH - MOHAMMED.




Nawab of ....


Arms: Vert, within an orle two sabres points upwards Or.

Crest: On a helmet to the dexter, lambrequined Vert and Or, a mailed arm embowed proper, holding in bend sinister a pennon Or.

Supporters: Stags proper.


(T. 75)


It is not known when this acxhievement was replaced by a new one. The new has no resemblance whatsoever with the old. [3] On the shield is now a fish like in the emblem of Uttar Pradesh and in the older achievement of Awadh. The shield is supported by two lions rampant guardant, probably taken from the ancient arms of the Company. On the shield is a helmet with an umbrella as a crest. The mottoes are unreadable but in arab script. All is placed on a royally crowned mantle, the orb of the crown replaced by a crescent-and-star.



Nawab of ....


Arms: A fish embowed

Crest : An umbrella.

Supporters: Two lions guardant supporting pennons.


Mantle: Gules, fringed and tasseled Or, lined ermine and royally crowned.






SAMTHAR  ORIGINALLY  WAS A PART OF BUNDELKHAND AGENCY BUT WAS later incorporated in the United Provinces. The Raja of Samthar was granted a coat of arms at the Durbar of Delhi in 1877 . The colour of the shield is the colour of the Bundela-family of which the Raja was a member. The spearheads are for the martial tradition of the ruling family and the ears of wheat for the fields surrounding Fort Samthar. [4]



Raja of ....


Arms: Murrey, semé of ears of wheat Or, a bend Argent, three pheons Gules.

Crest: On a helmet to the dexter, lambrequined Murrey and Argent, a stag’s head erased proper.

Supporters: Black buck (Antilope cervicapra - Bovidæ) proper.

Motto: Dridh charan bhuvaran (The Firm Foot acquires Territory).






. Foto HdV 1984

Intarsia, Palace Compound, Benares




VARANASI BECAME AN INDEPENDENT KINGDOM IN THE 18TH CENTURY AND under subsequent British rule it remained a commercial and religious center. The state of Benares was composed in 1911 of parts of the United Provinces of Agra and Awadh. In 1947 it was incorporated into Uttar Pradesh.


Rulers of Varanasi. [5]


Mansa Ram


Balawant Singh


Djait Singh


Mahip Narajan Singh


Udit Narajan Singh


Isjwari Prasad Narajan Singh


Prabhu Narajan Singh


Aditya Narajan Singh


Vibuthi Narajan Singh





The achievement of the Maharaja of Benares is of the style introduced at the Durbar of Delhi of 1877. It has been preserved on an banner today in the museum of Ramnagar Fort, the former palace of the maharaja’s of Benares, constructed about 1750 by Maharaja Balawant Singh. It shows two fishes naiant counterclockwise. As a crest there is the trident of Shiva the “destroyer”. Two zebus (Bos indicus - Bovidæ) serve as supporters. The zebus are the holy cows of India and maybe they are chosen because of the sanctity of the city of Benares.


A different version of the coat of arms can be found on a copper plate on the royal howdah, also in the museum of Ramnagar Fort. The charge of the shield consists of the same fishes naiant but they are now surrounded by a garland of  nutmeg (Myristica fragrans - Myristicidæ) and sirih (Piper betle - Pipericeæ). The trident crest is supported by two yellow billed choughs (Pyrrhocorax graculus - Corvidæ).


The emblem from this version is also on an intarsia above the entrance of the palace in the inner court. To this emblem the motto of the achievement is added on a ribbon. It is not known when this emblem was build in. It does not seem likely that it dates from the time of the construction of the fort in the 18th century.



Maharaja of ....


Arms: Azure, a roundle Or two fishes (matsya) in orle, one in chief and one in base, turning counterclockwise, proper.

Crest: On a helmet guardant, lambrequined Argent and Azure, a trident Gules.

Supporters: Two cows proper.

Motto: ratyatasti paro dharma.




Maharaja of ....


Arms: A roundle Or and two fishes (matsya) in orle, one in chief and one in base, turning counterclockwise, proper.

Crest: A trident Gules.

Garland: Branches of nutmeg and sirih, in chief two choughs proper.

Motto: ratyatasti paro dharma.



Maharaja of ....


Arms: Azure, a roundle Or and two fishes (matsya) in orle, one in chief and one in base, turning counterclockwise, proper and a garland of branches of nutmeg and sirih, in chief two choughs proper.

Crest: On a helmet guardant, lambrequined Argent and Azure, a trident Gules.

Supporters: Two cows proper.

Motto: ratyatasti raro dharma.



© Hubert de Vries, 2009-08-01

[1] ) “T” means: Taylor, Robert M.A. Cantab Bengal Civil Service: The Princely Armory. Being a display of the arms of the ruling chiefs of India prepared for the Imperial Assembly held at Delhi on the 1st day of January 1877. Printed for the Government of India at the Government Central Printing Office, 8 Hastings Street, Calcutta 1902. [Brit. Lib. Ref. n  1859 f. 13]

[2] ) Charkari State Gazetteer. Newul Kishore Press, Lucknow, 1907: Arms of the Charkhari State.

[3] ) Jaipur Jaipur, H.H. the Maharadja of: A History of the Indian State Forces. Orient Longmans. Bombay/Cal­cutta/Madras/New Delhi,. 1967, p. 108.

[4] ) Samthar State Gazetteer. Newul Kishore Press. Lucknow, 1907.

[5] ) Royal Ark

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