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Estado do Amapá



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As the “Capitania” of Costa do Cabo Norte, the region was invaded by the English and Dutch, who were repelled by the Portuguese. The Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 established the boundaries between Brazil and French Guiana, but these were not respected by the French. In the 18th century, France retook control of Brasilian Guyana, leading to the short-lived pro-French independent state of Counani in the disputed territory. Finally, on December 1, 1900, the Arbitration Commission of Geneva ceded the territory to Brazil, which incorporated it into the state of Pará with the name of Araguari (named after the river of the same name). It became the federal territory of Amapá in 1943 and was elevated to a state on 5 October 1988.






The Republic of Independent Guyana, in French La République de la Guyane indépendante, commonly referred to by the name of the capital Counani (rendered Cunani in Portuguese by the Brazilians), was a short-lived independent state in the area which was disputed by France (as part of French Guyana) and Brazil in the late nineteenth century. The state was proclaimed by French settlers on July 1886 and existed until 1891. The territory of the former state of Counani is now located in the Brazilian state of Amapá.


The arms of the Republic are on the Étoile de Counani  (Star of Counani) medal of merit,  founded by Jean Guigues, Paul Quartier and Jules Gros, the founding fathers of the Republic. The star was also on the first stamps issued by the Republic and another version of the arms is on later stamps. The flag was red with a white five-pointed star.




The arms of the Republic were :


Arms: Gules, a five-pointed star Argent

Crest: On a wreath Argent and Gules, a rising sun radiant

Garland: A branch of coffee and a stalk of maize

Motto: JE MAINTIENDRAI PAR LA RAISON OU PAR LA FORCE  (I will Maintain, be it by Reason or by Force).


Estado do Amapa


The present arms of Amapá State were designed in the time of the Territory by Herivelto Brito Maciel and adopted by governor Annibal Barcellos by Decree n° 8 of 23 April 1984. They are:


Arms: The map of Amapá Or, its base Vert, radiant, charged with a Amapazeiro tree (Parahancornia amapa - Apocynaceæ), Argent, its crown Vert, within a bordure parted Gules and Vert, the upper part in the form of the fortress of S. José de Macapá.

Crest: A five-pointed star issuant Or, voided Sable voided Argent

Garland: Branches of the Amapazeiro tree.

Motto: AQUI COMEÇA O BRASIL (Here is the Beginning of Brasil) in black lettering on a white scroll in chief


ð see illustration in the head of this essay



·       The map is divided by the equator. Its color symbolizes the mineral wealth of the country and also the unity, the belief and steadiness of its population

·       The star symbolizes the establishment of another state of the Brasilian nation. The white symbolizes purity, serenity and peace. The yellow the wealth of the nation.

·       The rays spring from the capital of the state.

·       The tree has given its name to the state. Its trunk, leaves and fruit were medicines and food for the first inhabitans of the country. Its green crown symbolizes hope, belief in the future, love, liberty, friendship, plenty and courtesy. Its trunk symbolizes the fertility of the fields of the country.

·       The 25 rays in the base of the shield symbolize honesty, obedience to the law and the authorities, desillusion, sadness, conflict and death.




Fortress of S. José de Macapá  (1738-‘61) and turret on its remparts.


Armed Forces








Amapá is a part of the 8th Military Region together with the states of Pará and a part of the State of Tocantins bordered in the south by the communities of Wanderlândia, Babaçulândia and Xambioá and the communities of Açailândia, João Lisboa, Imperatriz, Amarante do Maranhão, Montes Altos, Sítio Novo, Porto Franco, Estreito and Carolina, in the state of  Maranhão,

Its headquarters are in Belém (PA).


Polícia Civil




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© Hubert de Vries 2011-12-04


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