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All rights remain with the late Hubert de Vries, the original site owner.


Federated States of Micronesia













EUROPEAN EXPLORERS  -  FIRST THE PORTUGUESE IN SEARCH OF THE SPICE Islands (Indonesia) and then the Spanish - reached the Carolines in the sixteenth century, with the Spanish establishing sovereignty. They were sold to Germany in 1899 and became part of the protectorate of German New Guinea. In 1914 they were conquered by Japan. After WW I they were administerd by Japan under League of Nations mandate as the South Pacific Mandate.

In 1944 they were seized by the U.S. and from 18 July 1947 they were administered by the US under United Nations auspices as the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.


On May 10, 1979, four of the Trust Territory districts ratified a new constitution to become the Federated States of Micronesia. Palau, the Marshall Islands, and the Northern Mariana Islands chose not to participate. The FSM signed a Compact of Free Association with the United States of America, which entered into force on November 3, 1986, marking Micronesia's emergence from trusteeship to independence. The Compact was renewed in 2004.


Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands



The seal of the High Commissioner, of which there have been twelve, shows a palmtree and a outrigger canoe. Over all is a banner with the  words official seal. Legend: high commissioner trust territory of the  pacific islands. This seal is in dark-blue rendering on a white flag.

The flag of the territory was approved on 3 October 1962 and showed six white stars on a light-blue field. [1]


Federated States of Micronesia


The seal of the Federation shows a sprouted coconut, floating in the ocean. In chief are four five-pointed stars symbolizing the four states of the federation: Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei and Yap. In base is a white listel with the motto PEACE UNITY LIBERTY  and the date 1979, the year of the adoption of the constitution. The seal is surrounded by a yellow circle, sometimes in the form of a cable, the legend GOVERNMENT OF THE FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA, and as an outer circle another, blue cable.

It is known that many islands of the Pacific are overgrown with palmtrees sprouted from coconuts washed ashore. Copra is the main cash crop of these islands.


đ See illustration in the head of this essay.


A flag was adopted in 1979 and shows four five-pointed stars on light-blue cloth.


The states of the Federation have their own flags and seals showing different emblems.













The seal shows a cup made from a coconut, used in traditional ceremonies for the sakau, a drink made of kava-roots and the bark of hisbiscus. The eleven stars symbolize the most important islands of the archipelago.


Kava (Piper methysticum - Piperacea), the ‘root of serenity’ has long been used by Polynesians for soothing the nerves. Its effects are talkativeness, euforic conduct, fearlesness, plaisant feelings and cuteness.





The seal of Yap shows a Yapese stone coin and the legends STATE OF YAP / OFFICIAL SEAL //  LAND OF STONE MONEY / MCMLXXIX .


We are informed that:


“In its past, Yap was the center of an immense island empire, held together by magic and fierce warriors: hundreds of islands, some as far away as 1300 km,  paid a yearly  tribute to the paramount Chiefs of Yap (lest Yaps powerful sorcerers would send typhoons or diseases to insurgent islanders). 

Yapese navigators regularly negotiated a 550 km outrigger canoe cruise to “neighboring” Palau, where huge calcite quartz disks were quarried and tugged back to Yap on bamboo rafts: the famous Yapese Stone Money (Rai, hard currency indeed).”


Photo Picasa

Yapese Stone Money

Picture showing its size. Large ones are of  3 m. in diameter or more



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© Hubert de Vries 2009-11-24


[1] Smith, Whitney: The Flag Book of the United States. New York, 1970.  Pp. 207-210, from which the picture is copied.                                                   

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