Nenjocije awtonomnoj ŋokruk) is an autonomous okrug of Arkhangelsk Oblast. Its administrative center is the town of Naryawn-Mar.
recorded mention of the Nenets people is found in the 11th-century Primary
Chronicle, a chronicle of Kievan Rus' from
about 850 to 1110, originally compiled in Kiewv about 1113 by Nestor the
Chronicler. At the time, Kievan Rus was under the influence of Novgorod,
as was the whole of the North Eastern territories of Kievan Rus'. By the end
of the fifteenth century, Novgorod's influence was waning and the area fell
under the control of Muscovy and in 1499, they established, Pustozyorsk (Пустозёрск, literally meaning deserted
lakes), and it became a military, commercial, cultural and administrative
centre for the area.
18th century, the area was part of Mezensky Uyezd. In 1891, Pechorsky Uyezd
was established and in 1896, so was Neskaya Volost. Prior to the formation of
the autonomous okrug, this area belonged in part to Mezensky Uyezd in
Arkhangelsk Oblast and partly to Izhmo-Pechorsky Uyezd in Komi (Zyriansky)
now known as Nenets Autonomous Okrug was officially created on 15 July 1929,
and later included fourteen districts
on 23 November 1959, all of these administrative districts were abolished and
a number of areas, including the administrative area for Vorkuta, were transferred to the jurisdiction of the
Republic and the
region took the shape that it still holds today.
In 2006 Zapolyarny Municipal District, one of the youngest districts in Russia,
was formed. Zapolyarny translates as "beyond the polar [circle]",
and the district was given this name because the vast majority of the
district's area lies north of the arctic circle.
Arms: Per fess indented Argent and Vert a ball
Azure charged with a flame Argent. In chief a rafter Vert and in base a like
rafter turned upside down Argent.
Crown: A seven-pointed crown, a flame on the central
Orders On the dexter the ribbon of the Order of Friendship of Peoples , on the
sinister of the Order of the Red
Banner of Labor
Æ See illustration in the head of
Order of Friendship of Peoples
Order of the Red Banner of Labor
emblem of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug symbolizes the state and its status of
a subject of the Russian Federation and reflects the identity and traditions
of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug.
of three colors in the coat of arms - Argent, Vert and Azure symbolizes the
harmony of the three elements: sky (silver), earth (green), water (blue).
symbolizes nobility, frankness, truthfulness. In national symbols, silver
also means the North, purity, sincerity and snow
symbolizes the summer tundra; this color is a symbol of hope, abundance and
symbolizes the Pechora River, which, according to ancient legends of the
peoples living along its banks, connects the world of the living and their
ancestors, past and future.
rafter ornament is made in the form of the Nenets pattern, reflecting the
characteristic features of the traditional way of life of the local
population (in chief - overthrown plague, in base - deer antlers).
In the center
of the coat of arms there is an image of a flame, which for the Arctic has a
special life-saving value. Fire is a symbol of energy, light, comfort and
warmth, which are most valued in the North. The silver flame in the blue
circle symbolizes the fire and the natural wealth of the district - oil and
Golden Land Crown denotes status of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug as a subject
of the Russian Federation. The ribbons of the Orders surrounding the coat of
arms show the merits of the district, marked by the Order of the Red Banner
of Labor (1971) and the Order of Friendship of Peoples (1972). As the jewels
of the orders were of Soviet symbolism these are omitted in the achievement.
by Law of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug No. 121-oz dated 4 October 2007
© Hubert de Vries 2019-10-26